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基于阿里云服务器的git服务器搭建

使用阿里云Ubuntu 12.0.4 64位操作系统做git服务器。

首先git服务器有两种访问方式可以选择:http方式和ssh的方式,http方式更容易使用。

1、http方式的git服务器搭建以及使用git命令行访问:

On the Server

1) Install Ubuntu Server, this is the base of our git server obviously :-)

2) Now we need to install a couple of packages, these being ‘git-core’ and ‘apache2′, we do this like so:-

apt-get update apt-get install apache2 git-core

3) Now we need to create a new folder for your new repository and set some inital permissons, we do this like so:-

cd /var/www mkdir test-repo.git cd test-repo.git git --bare init git update-server-info chown -R www-data.www-data .

4)  We now need to enable WebDAV on Apache2 of which we will use to serve the repository:-

a2enmod dav_fs

5) We now need to configure the access restrictions to our repository by creating the following file:-

/etc/apache2/conf.d/git.conf

Then fill it in with the following content:-

<Location /test-repo.git> DAV on AuthType Basic AuthName "Git" AuthUserFile /etc/apache2/passwd.git Require valid-user </Location>

Then save and close the file, lets move on to the next bit..

6) Next we need to create a user account of which you will need to use to browse of commit to the repository..

htpasswd -c /etc/apache2/passwd.git <user>

You could then be prompted to enter the password for the user too and confirm it!

7) Ok that’s it for the server side configuration… we just need to restart Apache2 like so and then we should be ready to move on to the client side stuff!

/etc/init.d/apache2 restart

…you can now move on to the client side stuff!

On the client side

Ok so now we need to create a local (on your desktop machine) repository and then we’ll initiate the new remote repository… So, if your using Linux/MacOSX bring up the terminal and type the following commands:-

mkdir ~/Desktop/test-project cd ~/Desktop/test-project git init git remote add origin http://<user>@<server name or IP address>/test-project.git touch README git add . git commit -a -m “Initial import” git push origin master

Done! – Your intiial file named ‘README’ which currently is just blank has now been committed and you’ve pushed your code to your new git server which has now completed the Git reposity creation process, now in future you can ‘clone’ your resposity like so:-

git clone <user>@<server name or IP address>/test-project.git

 

注意上面连接http://<user>@<server name or IP address>/test-project.git中的user就是你htpasswd -c /etc/apache2/passwd.git <user>输入的用户名。

另外新建仓库的时候,只需执行:

cd /var/www mkdir 项目名 cd 项目名 git --bare init git update-server-info chown -R www-data.www-data .

然后在/etc/apache2/conf.d/git.conf中对应添加上面类似段即可。

其中:

AuthUserFile 密码文件名

 后面的文件就是你指定的密码文件,你可以

htpasswd -c 密码文件名 <user>

对应指定该项目的用户名和密码即可。添加用户是不要-c参数:

htpasswd 密码文件名 <user>

参考资料:http://blog.bobbyallen.me/2012/07/23/installing-a-git-server-using-apache-webdav-on-ubuntu-server-12-04/

 

2、ssh方式访问的git服务器:

参考:http://blog.csdn.net/sbvfhp/article/details/8013945以及http://www.blogjava.net/jasmine214–love/archive/2014/01/15/408987.html

主要参考第一个博客,但第一个博客中的:git clone git://eagain.net/gitosis.git的地址是不能用的,使用第二个博客中的git clone https://github.com/res0nat0r/gitosis.git

 

3、客户端的配置:

我们客户端使用VS2013的IDE,所以我们选择git extensions+git source control provider,在【工具】->【扩展和更新】->“联机”选项卡,搜索对应名字即可。

安装git extensions时如果没MsysGit和KDiff,则勾选安装。

 

4、服务器安装GitWeb:

GitWeb可以使用网页的方式查看各个仓库的状态,提交的信息等,比较方便。

依次执行下面操作即可:

sudo apt-get  install gitweb

sudo ln -sf /usr/share/gitweb /var/www

将gitweb.cgi拷贝到/var/www下

添加文件:/etc/apache2/httpd.conf 添加如下内容:

ServerName 127.0.0.1:80

然后修改:/etc/gitweb.conf

sudo vim /etc/gitweb.conf
# change $projectroot to /var/www
# change $projects_list to /var/www
# Add Highlighting at the end
$feature{‘highlight’}{‘default’} = [1];

然后将/etc/apache2/conf.d/gitweb改为如下:

    Alias /gitweb /usr/share/gitweb
    <Directory /usr/share/gitweb>
        Options FollowSymLinks +ExecCGI
        AddHandler cgi-script .cgi
    </Directory>

或者这样可以:

Alias /gitweb /usr/share/gitweb
<Directory /usr/share/gitweb>
    Options +Indexes +ExecCGI +FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride All
    order allow,deny
    allow from all
    AddHandler cgi-script cgi
    DirectoryIndex gitweb.cgi
</Directory>

另外如果想给gitweb添加密码,则在/etc/apache2/conf.d/gitweb刚才的后面添加:

    <Location /gitweb>
        DAV on
        AuthType Basic
        AuthName “Git”
        AuthUserFile 密码文件
        Require valid-user
    </Location>

    <Directory /usr/lib/cgi-bin>
        AllowOverride None
        Options None
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all

        AuthType Basic
        AuthName “Scripts”
        AuthUserFile 密码文件

        Require valid-user
        Satisfy All
    </Directory>

给cgi-bin加密部分参考的:http://forums.whirlpool.net.au/archive/898604

然后重启Apache服务

 sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart(或者:service apache2 restart)

gitweb参考:http://www.cnblogs.com/wanghongmei/archive/2011/06/22/2087391.html和http://blog.countableset.ch/2012/04/29/ubuntu-12-dot-04-installing-gitolite-and-gitweb/

主要参考第一个网址的:Gitweb配置不用虚拟机方式。 

然后访问:http://服务器IP或域名/gitweb

 

OK,大功告成!

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